Blog

White Balance (WB): Technique for Color Balancing in Photography

White Balance is a key technique for amazing photography. It balances color cast in photos to make it original and attractive. This feature is available in high end cameras. But when cameras fail in clicking a perfect picture with correct White Balance, one has to go for professional photo editing services to edit photos. Applying proper camera settings for the color temperature function of the light source, one can adjust coolness and warmth of white color. However, when cameras cannot make unsightly orange, green as well as blue color case, manual photo editing becomes essentials using advanced photo editing software’s like PhotoShop. Such software permits to edit photos by employing appropriate colors and improving lighting.

Major aspects of White Balance that affect the appearance of photographs are:

  • Color Temperature
  • Custom White Balance
  • Auto White Balance
  • Multiple Lighting in Single

Color Temperature

It is all about to set colors in a photo through light source. This is applicable into lighting, photography, videography, publishing, and many more fields. It is an ideal blackbody radiator that radiates light of hue.

Let’s understand the effect of this technique through an example of Metal. When metal is heated into fired it gets reddish color at initial stage. However, it gets whitish color when becomes hotter. And ultimately at complete warm up, it attains a blushing glow.

To set temperature of color, photographers use a kelvin scale. In Kelvin scale, 5000K is white light, less than 5000K-1000K there are yellow shades and 5000K-20000+K has blue shades. “Correlated color temperature” is a term used by photographers for blackbodies color temperature.

In JPEG and TIFF File Format

Today’s high end cameras offer various preset for White Balance that involves:

Auto WB – An algorithm to adjust WB as per different lighting condition within a limited range around 3000K to 7000K.

Custom – It permits to click a picture of gray reference using the same lighting.

Kelvin – This allows to set the color temperature using a broad range.

Tungsten – Improve your photo result using a little bulb like tungsten. It reduces color temperature of photos for indoor shooting.

Florescent – Florescent works for photos that needs cool shades. It allows for warmer and brighter shoot.

Daylight – It’s a normal daylight shooting for outdoor shoot. Generally cameras do not contain this mode.

Flash – It is required when there is no enough lighting. So one can pick the photo with effective WB under low light condition.

Cloudy – This mode allows to shoot in a cloudy atmosphere as it delivers better result of object captured in cloudy days.

Shade – It aids in producing cool and blue color based photos of any object.

Raw File Format

Raw format is the most preferred by professional picture editing services for making any type of photo editing.

Raw file allows to apply WB using professional picture editing services after a photo is clicked. It permits to set any color from a wide range of color temperature and green magenta shifts. The photo editor software can easily edit photos from raw file in compare to JPEG and TIFF.

Custom White Balance

It is quite tough to click neutral references while photographing. It can be a part of your photo or can be a portable item that you can carry on. One can also go for pre-made portable references. Portable references are more accurate as there is intentional setting of WB. This is an expensive way of neutral photography as it is created especially for photography. Gray reference is also applicable to reflect all colors equally in the spectrum.

Custom WB is one of the best technique to achieve White Balance as custom devices help in setting incident and reflected color temperature of illuminates. Neutral references measure reflected light while the devices of custom WB aid in measuring incident light.

Auto White Balance

Sometimes cameras have issues with auto WB even in normal daylight condition. In such cases, camera will give light color to the image rather than to dark one. It is possible to click a photo that is near to the real object by compensating colors through camera. But sometimes, it gives bluish color in some area of the photo. Here, one can use auto WB to edit photo that allows to set minimum one object that is bright or colorless. There is no need to edit composition of a colorless object if it doesn’t affect WB of an image.

Mixed Lighting

Multiple illuminates having various color temperature complicates WB performance of a photo. Sometimes a photo is clicked in good lighting, but it doesn’t contain correct white balance. When a photo has mixed lighting, auto WB considers average color temperature for photo and use WB accordingly. If there is more indoor and outdoor lighting then it requires different WB for each portion to make the photo like the original one.

White Balancing is the best picture editing technique to create a photo with an original touch through camera settings or manual photo editing through photo editor. In case you are short on time to try your hand on photo editor or Photoshop, you always have the option of going with the professional picture editing service providers like us.