Photo Editing Basics for Beginners Understanding the Terms and Usage

Photo Editing Basics for Beginners: Understanding the Terms and Usage

Clicking photographs is an everyday thing now. Smartphones with high-resolution cameras satisfy our daily needs of keeping memories or other needful works. It does not mean to qualify any course to click a perfect moment on your mobile phone. However, is it sufficient to take only one click? NO. We consider many aspects before publishing it on social media or sharing it with our friends or family. However, you can get a perfect picture with a little editing. A few photo editing techniques can get you your perfect copy.

What Is Photo Editing?

You might have come across many mobile applications offering photo editing, and still, it seems a difficult task. Sometimes, using an app is a bit confusing. Since all the apps have a specific purpose, you might not get the expected result always. But you don’t need to be a professional to learn photo editing. Following these easy steps can give you a clear and sharpened photo.

Photo editing is a creative task. This process is done to eliminate unwanted components like scratches, dull objects, etc. It also includes finishing the image’s geometry, sharpening or softening the image, brightening the colors, or adding special effects to a picture. It often needs intense processing and repetitive tasks to get the expected results.

Know about Photo Editing

You can use basic photo editing tools for advanced photo editing operations such as compression, organization, or other properties. Pixel and parametric editings are two different categories that focus on pixel level and the photo’s appearance, respectively. It gives a new life and color to the image.

The darkroom has become the thing of the past now. Digital cameras have replaced it to improve your photos. You can use a standard personal desktop with basic Photoshop editing to get your ready roll. It would help if you had a bit of practice to get hands-on digital photo editing.

How to Professionally Edit Photos:

Althoughyou don’t need to be a professional for a perfect photo edit, you can focus on few basic Photoshop editing tips. Let us delve into the need for basic photo editing for commercial purposes:

Editing photo is the most integral part of the e-commerce business, and real estate photography editing is also in demand. It helps presenting your product in a more defined way to the customers. For example, it helps to remove unwanted or turbid backgrounds, make photos eye-catching and attractive than the original, crop out unwanted figurines, adds make-up, adjusts brightness and contrast, and clear images. Following are a few simple steps to get started for the photo editing process.


The easiest step in the process is cropping the image. You can trim your photograph as your requirement, and you can remove the unwanted parts to excel the scope of proper editing without time-wasting. When you click a photo in a public place, holiday destination, or a party, the image consists of unwelcome parts.

Photo Cropping Technique

Photo editing apps have built-in ratio frames for cropping your images into an appealing size and includes square, rectangle, vertical, or horizontal shapes. Upgraded apps also provide specif templates like Instagram Greed, Facebook Cover Picture, etc.


A powerful and essential tool for photo editing is resizing. Most people confuse it with cropping; however, there is a difference between them. In simple words, resizing photographs only alters the dimensions and does not eliminate parts of pictures. You can have your shot specific for printing or framing, as per your needs.

Resize a Photo

Correcting Light:

Correcting the darkness or light in your photograph is also an essential step in the process of photo editing. If you attain the perfect harmony between aperture, ISO, and shutter speed, it will save your time and patience to get that perfect click.

Correcting the light

You have to focus on five aspects while checking on a photograph’s exposure, i.e., Brightness, Contrast, Highlights, Shadows, and Bright Light. These five aspects correct the light balance of photos.


This step gives sharp and clear photos so that they look fantastic and attractive. You can use different tools to adjust and enhance the contrast and edges of your image. Not all the images need sharpening, so categorize them. Overdoing it might lead to pixelation or unwanted graininess.

Photo Sharpening

Color Saturation

It deals with the intensity of the colors in the photographs. Increasing color saturation increases the tone of the color spectrum. The photo appears more vivid. Again, if you decrease the saturation of the color, it makes a photo dull. Do not oversaturate, it makes a picture unnatural and appears unrealistic. In comparison, proper saturation gives an eye-catching appeal to a photo.

Phto Color Saturation

Photo Editing Tips:

If you’re beginner or are outsourcing photo editing services , you must know a few tricks of the trade yourself. For beginners, simple photo editing softwares are also available. Resort to simple photo editing tutorials for basic edits.

Perception is the key when you start photo editing, although it is not a compulsory acts. The very first thing you should determine is that if your shot at all needs editing. If you have captured a perfect picture, you will not needediting at all. Be neutral while editing. It will help you get an ideal image. Understand while balance photography, white should look while not yellow or orange. Deciding noise and the contrast enables you to hold a grip on the editing.

Important Photo Editing Techniques:

Even though you don’t need to be a professional to edit your photographs correctly, you shall be aware of few easy techniques to satisfy your need for perfect photos. If you are an amateur, give these techniques a try:

1. Build a foundation:

Get your image to flatten out by adjusting color temperature or exposure, highlight slider, and shadow. Photoshop helps to add a perfect tone to your image by adding the right amount of contrast.

2. Healing Brush

You can pick your source points with the help of a healing brush. You can remove spots, wrinkles, pimples, or inconsistencies on the skin, or any unwanted distractions in the background. This technique helps to focus on the main component of your photograph.

3. The Clone Stamp Set

It is used to lighten up the image. Around 15% capacity is enough to get an even skin tone. Images clicked in natural light do not show more details, so this set is perfect to edit. For example, Transitions or patterns in the sky can easily be blended with a clone stamp set.

4. Dodge and Burn

You can shape light here. One curve adjustment is least destructive than others. The dodge and burn tool can lighten and darken an images or part of an image. This tool works like a traditional darkroom method to align exposure in the same tone. Lightening is done by dodging, and darkening is done by burning. You can dodge shadows and create a sense of depth in your photo.

5. Color Separation

You can use different ways to do color separation in Photoshop. Separate color or print your film positives. You just need to make sure that you lay black color over the layer before you print it as a separation.

6. Soft Light

It would help if you opened a Black and White image and then need to change the blending mode to soft light. In case the image has too much contrast, you can drag opacity 20 to 30%. It is similar to the diffused spotlight on a picture. It can create a backlight source, however your image should be in RGB color mode.

7. Toning The Image

Toning the image in a Photoshop includes Colorize, Curves, Levels, and Comic toning. You can create shadowed areas for black and white comics.

8. Highlights

If you want to highlight some specific details, you can use this technique. Add a small S curve and adjust the contrast.

9. Layer Masks

It is not a destructive process in Photoshop. It allows you to hide or reveal part of the layer without removing it. So, it is also an important technique to know. Black color is used to hide pixels, whereas the white color is used to reveal them.

10. Blending Modes

You can experiment with different blending modes from than Black and White layer to soft light mode. You have 26 different blending modes to use. So be creative!


The above tips shall help photo editing for beginners. The possibilities and expectations are endless when you capture a picture. And Photoshop helps to make it possible. With basic photo editing skills too, you can make a world of difference!